You can find part one, where we connected to vCenter and retrieved VM information here. Creating a VM with any automation tool requires specifying all of the attributes of the VM, there is no wizard like the vSphere client, so we need to construct a bunch of linked objects.
The most complex object is the hardware specification object and within it the objects for disk controllers and drives. Usually, each object is created using a constructor method and then added to its parent with an operation property. The approximate hierarchy of objects that make up a VM look like this, there can be configuration at each level as well as in the sub-objects:. This script is largely taken from this sample on the PyVmoni community samples repository and from more information here on StackOverflow.
I use a function to create each VM, calling the function inside a loop to create multiple VMs. The function accepts the VM name and a few other objects.
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Once a few basics such as the VM home directory are setup, we need to specify the network adapters for this VM. Once the NIC is specified the last line device.
One trick is to make sure that the device. Next we add a hard disk to the SCSI controller that we already specified. You need to make sure that the file name is unique, it will fail to create the VM if the file already exists. Once all of the devices are specified we can pass the hardware specification along with a bunch of other variables to a VM config object and then pass the config object to a CreateVM task and wait for the task to complete.
Yay, we have a VM which we can now power on. I wanted a spread to maximize performance. All rights reserved. RSS - Posts. Skip to content. The approximate hierarchy of objects that make up a VM look like this, there can be configuration at each level as well as in the sub-objects: VM Configuration Specification Devices Network device Disk Controller Disk This script is largely taken from this sample on the PyVmoni community samples repository and from more information here on StackOverflow.
VirtualDeviceSpec nicspec. VirtualVmxnet3 nicspec. Description nicspec. NetworkBackingInfo nicspec. ConnectInfo nicspec. VirtualApp : if vm. PowerOn tasks. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Mostly I help to communicate and educate around the use of current technology and the direction of future technologies. This entry was posted in General.
I looked at the git samples and vsphere sdk documentation and could not find how to do this, and there seems to be very little documentation at all about the pyVmomi.
Learn more. Asked 5 years, 10 months ago.
Active 4 years, 3 months ago. Viewed 1k times. Using Python 2. Shimonbd Shimonbd 84 7 7 bronze badges. I feel like there may be some bug in how this works. The reason I think that is there is a data object called HostSriovInfo, but its not the property of anything, so I have no idea how you would access that data object. I have opened an issue on github so maybe someone can clear it up there. Please feel free to chime in there if you find out this answer.
Once someone answers me there I will bring that info back here and share with the group. Active Oldest Votes. VirtualDeviceSpec VM device nic. VirtualSriovEthernetCard nic. Description nic. NetworkBackingInfo nic.
ConnectInfo nic. SriovBackingInfo nic. DeviceBackingInfo nic. Doesn't seem to work - I'm getting "Reconfigure virtual machine Card1 Invalid configuration for device '0'.
Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook.Recently I got an opportunity to work on one of the cool vSphere 6. Proactive HA. Since there is lot to share, I have divided this tutorial in 2 parts as follows. Part We will discuss on how to simulate a failure so that we can see ProactiveHA in action. What is Proactive HA in brief? As we know already, whenever there is a host failure, vSphere HA does restart VMs on alterante hosts inside cluster.
On the other hand, proactive HA triggers some meaningful proactive actions even before any host come across any possible failure. One of interesting facts about proactive HA is that, though it can be enabled from vSphere Availability tab, it is in-fact a DRS feature more on this later. Once DRS receives these server health updates, it will react to these health updates even before i. First important thing is to register a health update provider. Ideally health provider registered should be coming from server vendors.
Since this is a tutorial for educational purpose, we will simulate a fake health provider for our understanding, which is not supported by VMware for production use. Once we have health update provider registered, this provider needs to monitor entities for any matching health issues from server. In our case, entities to be monitored by provider are hosts inside the cluster. So far we talked about registering a provider and adding entities i. Now let us go ahead and make this into action using below pyVmomi script.
This script i. Now that we have registered a provider and added entities to be monitored by this provider, let us verify whether this is really done. Below output confirms that provider is registered and entities are monitored by that provider as expected. Now we are all set for enabling proactive HA on the cluster.
Good news is, we can not only enable it using API but also from web client as well. Below is how we can do it using web client.
I would recommend you to read documentation provided in above screenshot. Below is how finally it looks like.
Using Ansible to deploy a new VMware vSphere VM
We enabled Proactive HA using web client. Now let us take a look how to enable the same using API. You can see existing API i. That is all for Part I hope you enjoyed learning this educational tutorial.
Please stay tuned for Part-2, where we will simulate a failure to see Proactive HA in action. Here is my tutorial post on the same. If you would like to contribute it, please let me know.
Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Note: I have added documentation inside the script itself. Please take a look. SSLContext ssl. CreateContainerView content. Array hosts Adding entities i.
Further learning: 1.See Getting started with VMware to get started. Version 6. If using version 6. This is due to an upstream dependency in pyVmomi 6. If the version of Python is not in the supported range, you will need to install an earlier version of pyVmomi. See Issue for more information. Based on the note above, to install an earlier version of pyVmomi than the version currently listed in PyPi, run the following:. The 5. Ensure python pyVmomi module is installed by running following one-liner check.
The output should be 0. Optionally, protocol and port can be specified if the vCenter server is not using the defaults. Default is protocol: https and port: The provider parameter in cloud provider configuration was renamed to driver. This change was made to avoid confusion with the provider parameter that is used in cloud profile configuration.
Cloud provider configuration now uses driver to refer to the salt-cloud driver that provides the underlying functionality to connect to a cloud provider, while cloud profile configuration continues to use provider to refer to the cloud provider configuration that you define. To get the SSL thumbprint of the host system, execute the following command from a remote server:. Sample profile and arguments that can be specified in it can be found here. If the VM is powered on, the internal state of the VM memory dump is included in the snapshot by default which will also set the power state of the snapshot to "powered on".
This field is ignored if the virtual machine is powered off or if the VM does not support snapshots with memory dumps. List clusters for each datacenter; or clusters for a specified datacenter in this VMware environment. You can specify type as either paralleliscsiblock or fibre. Return a list of all VMs and templates that are on the specified provider, with fields specified under query.
To return a list of all VMs and templates present on ALL configured providers, with fields specified under query. If the host system is not in maintenance mode, it will not be rebooted. All the snapshots higher up in the hierarchy of the current snapshot tree are consolidated and their virtual disks are merged. Otherwise hypervisor will terminate VM and start it again.
Revert virtual machine to its current snapshot.Check it out! Since a few month, I automate all that can be automated with Ansible FR. Still, there was something that I still had to do manually and it bothered me a lot. Still, I was frustrated because one last step was still missing: Provisionning VMs directly from Ansible! First, Ansible works with an inventory. If you try to tell Ansible that you want to create new machines and you add them to the inventory, the first thing Ansible will try to do is to connect to them… before they exists!
If you try to run the playbook with just this option, Ansible will still try to connect to the yet to be created server, failing. Here, if you need to run several tasks and none of them have to be executed on the remote machine that we are trying to deployyou can just specify at the head of the playbook that all tasks are to be executed from the local machine, with connection: local :.
My second issue was that 2 groups of modules were available in Ansible core, and one of them was abandonned.
Latest version of this module works for vSphere v5 and should work for 6. A good example of what can be done with this module can be found on this nice blog-post from EverythingShouldBeVirtual.
I massively use templates so this was clearly an issue. My typical usecase is this : I deploy a virtual machine from a given template depending which type of service I want and then finalize customisation through Ansible playbooks.
In this case, I would have to deploy my virtual machine, and still have to go into them to modify them like hostname and IP before playing my playbooks to customise them. From there, a new Ansible module, taking advantage of this python API, you have much more possibilities. The list of Ansible modules taking advantage from pyvmomi is quite impressive.
But most interesting functions appear in 2. I give you the necessary steps at the end of the article. This deployment needs some variables that can be given directly from the Ansible host inventory like:.
The virtual machine will be deployed as expected, except for hostname and IP. Those 2 parameters will be modified after first boot by VMware Tool. Until 2. Vous aimez ce blog? Partagez-le avec vos amis! Please help.
Very good article. Question… If I have several guest VMs within an ansible host inventoy group to clone from a template… how do I provide the different IPs to the several guests?
There are several ways to achieve this I think. The easiest way, especially if you already have the inventory file like you say, is simply to add a variable just after the hostname. Can you describe the contents of your inventory file in the example above? From my understanding, the hosts specified in the inventory have the tasks run in the playbook against them.This article provides an overview of the core Azure security features that can be used with virtual machines.
You can use Azure Virtual Machines to deploy a wide range of computing solutions in an agile way. So you can deploy any workload and any language on nearly any operating system. An Azure virtual machine gives you the flexibility of virtualization without having to buy and maintain the physical hardware that runs the virtual machine.
You can build and deploy your applications with the assurance that your data is protected and safe in highly secure datacenters.
With Azure, you can use antimalware software from security vendors such as Microsoft, Symantec, Trend Micro, and Kaspersky. This software helps protect your virtual machines from malicious files, adware, and other threats. Microsoft Antimalware for Azure Cloud Services and Virtual Machines is a real-time protection capability that helps identify and remove viruses, spyware, and other malicious software.
Microsoft Antimalware for Azure provides configurable alerts when known malicious or unwanted software attempts to install itself or run on your Azure systems. Microsoft Antimalware for Azure is a single-agent solution for applications and tenant environments. It's designed to run in the background without human intervention. You can deploy protection based on the needs of your application workloads, with either basic secure-by-default or advanced custom configuration, including antimalware monitoring.
Learn more about Microsoft Antimalware for Azure and the core features available. Improving key security can enhance encryption and authentication protections. You can simplify the management and security of your critical secrets and keys by storing them in Azure Key Vault. Your SQL Server encryption keys for backup or transparent data encryption can all be stored in Key Vault with any keys or secrets from your applications.
Permissions and access to these protected items are managed through Azure Active Directory. Azure Disk Encryption is a new capability for encrypting your Windows and Linux virtual machine disks.
Azure Disk Encryption uses the industry-standard BitLocker feature of Windows and the dm-crypt feature of Linux to provide volume encryption for the OS and the data disks. The solution is integrated with Azure Key Vault to help you control and manage the disk encryption keys and secrets in your key vault subscription.
It ensures that all data in the virtual machine disks are encrypted at rest in Azure Storage. Azure Backup is a scalable solution that helps protect your application data with zero capital investment and minimal operating costs. Application errors can corrupt your data, and human errors can introduce bugs into your applications. With Azure Backup, your virtual machines running Windows and Linux are protected.
An important part of your organization's BCDR strategy is figuring out how to keep corporate workloads and apps running when planned and unplanned outages occur. Azure Site Recovery helps orchestrate replication, failover, and recovery of workloads and apps so that they're available from a secondary location if your primary location goes down.
Virtual machines need network connectivity. To support that requirement, Azure requires virtual machines to be connected to an Azure virtual network.I was able to get started with pyvmomi on ubuntu distro successfully and I thought it is worth to share the steps I performed with you.
This guide is specific to setting up pyvmomi enviornment on ubuntu distro. Here we go. I installed ubuntu Here is how I checked ubuntu distro version and Python version. You can see, python version available is 3. Since we have python already available, next step is to install pip. What is pip?
As per Wikipedia, pip is a package management system used to install and manage software packages written in Python. There is a python script which installs pip module, hence first we need to download that python script i.
I think, it is better to have latest pip. Above step also confirms that our python environment is running fine.VMware Virtualization 101
Now we are all set with all prerequisites i. Lets now install pyvmomi and pyvim modules. Please take a look at below screenshot.
Lets take a look at this sample script. Line 1: pyVim is part of pyvmomi and is responsible for connection creation and deletion. What else it is responsible can be learned here Line 5,6,7: These lines are responsible for handling SSL certificate stuff, more on this in later posts. It will in fact get us the top level vSphere API object i. Please take a look at vSphere API reference. Notes: -You may have to deal with Python 2. My environment works for both python versions.